THAILAND

 

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India's excellent relations with Thailand are an important and integral component of India's strategic partnership with ASEAN.  India's 'Act East' policy is complemented by Thailand's 'Look West' policy in bringing the two countries closer. Sustained high level bilateral exchanges and regular meetings of bilateral institutional mechanisms have provided a major fillip to India-Thailand relations and achieved progress in key areas of cooperation such as security, defence, commerce, science & technology and education. India and Thailand have strong economic synergies and the diversifying profile of growing bilateral trade and investment reflects the growth and maturity of the interaction between the two economies. Extensive people-to-people contacts are central to the India-Thailand relationship. In 2015, more than 1 million Indian tourists visited Thailand and over 100,000 Thai tourists visited India.

The interim military government created several interim institutions to promote reform and draft a new constitution, which was passed in a national referendum in August 2016. Elections are tentatively set for mid-2018. King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet passed away in October 2016 after 70 years on the throne; his only son, WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun, ascended the throne in December 2016. He signed the new constitution in April 2017. Thailand has also experienced violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in its southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces.

At a Glance

 

Country Name

 

 

Kingdom of Thailand

 

 

Area

 

 

5,13,120, sq.km

 

 

Capital

 

 

Bangkok

 

 

Government type

 

 

Constitutional Monarchy

Note: interim military-run government since May 2014

 

 

Administrative divisions    

      

 

76 provinces

 

 

National Holidays       

 

 

Birthday of King Maha WACHIRALONGKORN, 28 July (1952)

 

 

Fiscal year

      

 

1 October - 30 September

 

 

Currency

 

 

Baht (THB)

 

 

King

 

 

King WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun (since 1 December 2016)

 

 

Prime Minister

 

 

Gen Prayut Chan-Ocha (since 25 August 2014) 

 

 

Population  

    

 

68,414,135 (July 2017 est.)

 

 

Net migration rate

 

 

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)

 

 

GDP (purchasing power parity)

 

 

$1.165 trillion (2016 est.)

 

 

GDP - composition by sector  

 

 

Agriculture: 8.9 %

 

Industry: 35.9%

 

Services: 55.3% (2016 est.)

 

 

Agriculture- Products

 

 

Rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane,   coconuts, palm oil, pineapple, livestock, fish products

 

 

Industries  

     

 

Tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts, agricultural machinery, air conditioning and refrigeration, ceramics, aluminum, chemical, environmental management, glass, granite and marble, leather, machinery and metal work, petrochemical, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, printing, pulp and paper, rubber, sugar, rice, fishing, cassava, world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer

 

 

Major Exports 

 

Automobiles and parts, computer and parts, jewelry and precious stones, polymers of ethylene in primary forms, refine fuels, electronic integrated circuits, chemical products, rice, fish products, rubber products, sugar, cassava, poultry, machinery and parts, iron and steel and their products

 

 

Major Exports -  Partners

 

 

US 11.2%, China 11.1%, Japan 9.4%, Hong Kong 5.5%, Malaysia 4.8%, Australia 4.6%, Vietnam 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% (2015)

 

 

Major Imports

 

Machinery and parts, crude oil, electrical machinery and parts, chemicals, iron & steel and product, electronic integrated circuit, automobile’s parts, jewelry including silver bars and gold, computers and parts, electrical household appliances, soybean, soybean meal, wheat, cotton, dairy products

 

 

Major Importers Partners

 

 

China 20.3%, Japan 15.4%, US 6.9%, Malaysia 5.9%, UAE 4% (2015)

 

 

Natural Resources  

     

 

Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

 

 

Languages  

   

 

Thai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8%

English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.)

 

 

Ethnic groups

 

 

Thai 97.5%, Burmese 1.3%, other 1.1%, unspecified <.1% (2015 est.)

 

 

Climate

 

 

Tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid.  

                                                                                                                      

 

Location         

 

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma