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Singapore is a hi-tech, wealthy city-state in south-east Asia, also known for the conservatism of its leaders and its strict social controls. Economic and commercial ties have expanded significantly, particularly after the conclusion of the CECA in 2005. Singapore has become a preferred centre of operations for Indian companies active in the Asia Pacific region. Combined with a good enabling environment, strong air connectivity and the presence of a large Indian community, Singapore has emerged as a key offshore logistics and financial hub for many Indian corporate houses. To mark the milestone 50 years of the establishment of India-Singapore diplomatic relations, Singapore's President Tony Tan Keng Yam undertook a State Visit to India on February 2015.

Shri Narendra Modi, Prime Minister, visited Singapore on 29 March 2015 to attend the State Funeral of Singapore's first Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. PM's visit was deeply appreciated by Singapore, as was the observance of a day of mourning in India on 29 March with flag flying half-mast. Prime Minister is scheduled to undertake a visit to Singapore in November 2015




At a Glance:



Country Name



Republic of Singapore















Government type   



Parliamentary Republic    



Administrative divisions






National Holidays



National Day- 9 August



Fiscal year      



1 April – 31 March






Singapore Dollar (SGD)






Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)



Prime Minister 



LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004)






5,674,472 (July 2015 est.)



Net migration rate 



14.05 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2015 est.)



GDP (purchasing power parity)



$445.2 billion (2014 est.)



GDP- composition by sector



Agriculture: 0%

Industry: 25%

Services: 75% (2014 est.)



Agriculture- Products



Orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish






Electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade



Major Exports 



Machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products



Major Exports- Partners



Malaysia 12.2%, China 11.8%, Hong Kong 11.2%,         Indonesia 9.9%, US 5.8%, Japan 4.3%, South Korea 4.1% (2013)



Major Imports



Machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods



Major Importers – Partners



China 11.7%, Malaysia 10.9%, US 10.4%, South Korea 6.4%, Japan 5.5%, Indonesia 5.2%, UAE 4.4% (2013).




Natural resources   



Fish, deepwater ports






Mandarin (official) 36.3%, English (official) 29.8%, Malay (official) 11.9%, Hokkien 8.1%, Tamil (official) 4.4%, Cantonese 4.1%, Teochew 3.2%, other Indian languages 1.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.1%, other 1.1% (2010 est.)



Ethnic groups 



Chinese 74.2%, Malay 13.3%, Indian 9.2%, other 3.3% (2013 est.)






Tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms






Southeastern Asia, Islands between Malaysia and Indonesia