The second-most-populous country in South-east Asia, and the 24th biggest in the world, Myanmar has a total of 135 different officially recognized ethnic group. India and Myanmar relations have stood the test of time. Myanmar’s economy to grow by 7.8% in both Fiscal Year 2014 (ending 31 March 2015) and in FY 2015. Growth in supported by rising investment propelled by improved business confidence, commodity exports, rising production of natural gas, buoyant tourism and credit growth and complemented by the government’s ambitious structural reform program. In 2004, India built the 160 km India-Myanmar Friendship Road from Tamu to Kalemyo to Kalewa. India will now build a further stretch of 120 km by upgrading the Kalewa-Yargyi road segment to highway standard. Slated for completion in 2016, this will enable seamless trilateral connectivity between India, Myanmar and Thailand.

India is attaching increasing significance to Myanmar. For the first time in the modern history of India -Myanmar bilateral ties, an Indian Prime Minister has visited twice in the same year. Dr. Manmohan Singh was in Myanmar in March 2014 for the 3rd BIMSTEC summit and Shri. Modi visited in November 2014, Vice President of Myanmar Dr Sai Mauk Kham visited India



At a Glance:



Country Name



Union of Myanmar






676, 553









Government type        



Parliamentary Government took power in March 2011



Administrative divisions        



7 divisions and 7 states

Divisions: ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Yangon

States: Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine (Arakan), Shan



National Holidays    



Independence Day, 4 January (1948);

Union Day, 12 February (1947)



Fiscal year



1 April – 31 March






Kyat (MMK)






THEIN SEIN (since 4 February 2011) 






56,320,206 (July 2015 est.)



Net migration rate   



-0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)



GDP (purchasing power parity)



$242 billion (2014 est.)



GDP- composition by sector   



Agriculture: 37.1%

Industry: 21.3%

Services: 41.6% (2014 est.)



Agriculture- Products  



Rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane hardwood, fish and fish products






Agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement,construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments, jade and gems  



Major Exports



Natural gas, wood products, pulses, beans, fish, rice, clothing, jade and gems



Major Exports- Partners     



Thailand 35%, China 24.5%, India 12%, Japan 6.6%, South Korea 4.3% (2013)



Major Imports



Fabric, petroleum products, fertilizer, plastics,  machinery, transport equipment; cement, construction materials, crude oil; food products, edible oil



Major Importers Partners



China 40%, Thailand 20.3%, Singapore 12.2%, Japan 5.7% (2013)



Natural resources   



Petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower






Burmese (official), minority ethnic groups have their own languages.




Ethnic groups 




Burmese 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, others 5%






Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April) 






Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman sea and The bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand