MYANMAR

 

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The second-most-populous country in South-east Asia, and the 24th biggest in the world, Myanmar has a total of 135 different officially recognized ethnic group. India and Myanmar relations have stood the test of time. Myanmar’s economy to grow by 7.8% in both Fiscal Year 2014 (ending 31 March 2015) and in FY 2015. Growth in supported by rising investment propelled by improved business confidence, commodity exports, rising production of natural gas, buoyant tourism and credit growth and complemented by the government’s ambitious structural reform program. In 2004, India built the 160 km India-Myanmar Friendship Road from Tamu to Kalemyo to Kalewa. India will now build a further stretch of 120 km by upgrading the Kalewa-Yargyi road segment to highway standard. Slated for completion in 2016, this will enable seamless trilateral connectivity between India, Myanmar and Thailand.

India is attaching increasing significance to Myanmar. For the first time in the modern history of India -Myanmar bilateral ties, an Indian Prime Minister has visited twice in the same year. Dr. Manmohan Singh was in Myanmar in March 2014 for the 3rd BIMSTEC summit and Shri. Modi visited in November 2014, Vice President of Myanmar Dr Sai Mauk Kham visited India
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At a Glance:

 

 

Country Name

 

 

Union of Myanmar

 

 

Area

 

 

676, 553 sq.km

 

 

Capital

 

 

Rangoon

 

 

Government type        

 

 

Parliamentary Government took power in March 2011

 

 

Administrative divisions        

   

 

7 divisions and 7 states

Divisions: ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Taninthayi, Yangon

States: Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine (Arakan), Shan

 

 

National Holidays    

    

 

Independence Day, 4 January (1948);

Union Day, 12 February (1947)

 

 

Fiscal year

 

 

1 April – 31 March

 

 

Currency         

 

 

Kyat (MMK)

 

 

President

 

 

THEIN SEIN (since 4 February 2011) 

 

 

Population       

 

 

56,320,206 (July 2015 est.)

 

 

Net migration rate   

    

 

-0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)

 

 

GDP (purchasing power parity)

 

 

$242 billion (2014 est.)

 

 

GDP- composition by sector   

 

 

Agriculture: 37.1%

Industry: 21.3%

Services: 41.6% (2014 est.)

 

 

Agriculture- Products  

 

 

Rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane hardwood, fish and fish products

 

 

Industries

 

 

Agricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement,construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; oil and natural gas; garments, jade and gems  

         

 

Major Exports

 

 

Natural gas, wood products, pulses, beans, fish, rice, clothing, jade and gems

 

 

Major Exports- Partners     

     

 

Thailand 35%, China 24.5%, India 12%, Japan 6.6%, South Korea 4.3% (2013)

 

 

Major Imports

 

 

Fabric, petroleum products, fertilizer, plastics,  machinery, transport equipment; cement, construction materials, crude oil; food products, edible oil

 

 

Major Importers Partners

 

 

China 40%, Thailand 20.3%, Singapore 12.2%, Japan 5.7% (2013)

 

 

Natural resources   

    

 

Petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

 

 

Language

 

 

Burmese (official), minority ethnic groups have their own languages.

 

 

 

Ethnic groups 

 

 

 

Burmese 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, others 5%

 

 

Climate

 

 

Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April) 

 

 

Location

 

 

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman sea and The bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand