IndiaMap.gif (40826 bytes)


The largest economy in Southeast Asia, Indonesia – a diverse archipelago nation of more than 300 ethnic groups -- has charted impressive economic growth since overcoming the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. The country’s GDP per capita has steadily risen, from $857 in the year 2000 to $3,603 in 2016. Today, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous nation, the world’s 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and a member of the G-20.  An emerging middle-income country, Indonesia has made enormous gains in poverty reduction, cutting the poverty rate to more than half since 1999, to 10.9% in 2016.

Indonesia’s economic planning follows a 20-year development plan, spanning from 2005 to 2025. It is segmented into 5-year medium-term plans, called the RPJMN, each with different development priorities. The current medium-term development plan – the third phase of the long-term plan -- runs from 2015 to 2020, focusing, among others, on infrastructure development and social assistance programs related to education and health-care.  Such shifts in public spending has been enabled by a reform of long-standing energy subsidies, allowing for more investments in programs that directly impact the poor and near-poor.

At a glance:


Country Name



Republic of Indonesia















Government type






Administrative divisions



32 provinces and 1 special regions and 1 national capital city district



National Holiday



Independence Day, 17 August



Fiscal year



January to December






Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)






Joko WIDODO (since 20 October 2014)






260,580,739 (July 2017 est.)



Net migration rate



-1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)



GDP (purchasing power parity)



$3.032 trillion (2016 est.)



GDP- composition by sector



Agriculture: 13.7%


Industry: 40.3%


Services: 46% (2016 est.)



Agriculture- Products



Rubber and similar products, palm oil, poultry, beef, forest products, shrimp, cocoa, coffee, medicinal herbs, essential oil, fish and its similar products, and spices






Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism



Major Exports



Mineral fuels, animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil), electrical machinery, rubber, machinery and mechanical appliance parts.



Major Exports - Partners



Japan 12%, US 10.8%, China 10%, Singapore 8.4%, India 7.8%, South Korea 5.1%, Malaysia 5.1% (2015)



Major Imports



Mineral fuels, boilers, machinery, and mechanical parts,      electric machinery, iron and steel, foodstuffs.



Major Importers - Partners



China 20.6%, Singapore 12.6%, Japan 9.3%, Malaysia 6%, South Korea 5.9%, Thailand 5.7%, US 5.3% (2015)



Natural resources



Petroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper,   fertile soils, coal, gold, silver.






Bahasa Indonesia (official modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken in Japanese).



Ethnic groups



Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)






Tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands.






South Eastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian ocean and  the pacific ocean