CAMBODIA

 

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Cambodia is still at a preliminary stage of industrialization. It is mainly an agrarian country with forestry, fishing and farming as the main hubs of activity. Garment industry, construction and tourism have become the main pillars in the nation's economy. The garment sector employing approx 350,000 people, contributes 70% of Cambodia’s exports.

India and Cambodia cooperate in a number of multilateral and regional fora. Cambodia has been a strong proponent of enhanced interaction between India and the ASEAN. In the context of our ‘Look East’ policy and the ASEAN, Cambodia is an important interlocutor and a good partner. Currently, Cambodia is the country coordinator for India in the ASEAN.

There are about 1500 Indian nationals working in various fields in Cambodia. Most of them are based in the capital city, Phnom Penh. The Indians in Cambodia have formed an association called ‘Indian Association – Cambodia’. Phnom Penh has a street named after Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. A bust of Mahatma Gandhi gifted by India has been installed at a prominent location in Phnom Penh.

 

 

 

At a Glance:

 

 

Country Name

 

 

Kingdom of Cambodia

 

 

Area

 

 

181,035 sq. km

 

 

Capital

 

 

Phnom Penh

 

 

Government type

 

 

Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

 

 

Administrative divisions 

          

 

23 provinces and 1 municipality

 

 

National Holidays   

     

 

Independence Day, 9 November

 

 

Fiscal year      

 

 

January to December

 

 

Currency

 

 

Riel (KHR)

 

 

King    

 

 

Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29th October 2004)

 

 

Prime Minister

 

 

HUN SEN (since 14th  January 1985)

 

 

Population

 

 

15,708,756 (July 2015 est.)

 

 

Net migration rate     

  

 

-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)

 

 

GDP (purchasing power parity)

 

 

$49.96 billion (2014 est.)

 

 

GDP- composition by sector   

 

 

Agriculture 32.7%                                         

Industry 25.5%

Services 41.8% (2014 est.)

 

 

Agriculture- Products

 

 

Rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc), silk.

 

 

Industries

 

 

Tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles.

 

 

Major Exports

 

 

Clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear

 

 

Major Exports- Partners

 

 

US 28.6%, UK 8.8%, Germany 8.5%, Canada 7.6%, Japan 5.9%, Vietnam 5.2% (2013)

 

 

Major Imports

 

 

Petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products.

 

 

Major Importers ญญญ–– Partners

 

 

Thailand 27%, China 22%, Vietnam 19.3%, Singapore 7.2%, Hong Kong 6.1% (2013)

 

 

Natural resources

 

 

Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, Phosphates, hydropower potential.

 

 

Languages

 

 

Khmer (official) 95%, French, English

 

 

Ethnic groups 

 

 

Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

 

 

Climate

 

 

Tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); Dry season (December to April0; little seasonal temperature variation.

 

 

Location

 

 

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand,  Vietnam and Laos