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Cambodia is still at a preliminary stage of industrialization. It is mainly an agrarian country with forestry, fishing and farming as the main hubs of activity. Garment industry, construction and tourism have become the main pillars in the nation's economy. The garment sector employing approx 350,000 people, contributes 70% of Cambodia’s exports.

India and Cambodia cooperate in a number of multilateral and regional fora. Cambodia has been a strong proponent of enhanced interaction between India and the ASEAN. In the context of our ‘Look East’ policy and the ASEAN, Cambodia is an important interlocutor and a good partner. Currently, Cambodia is the country coordinator for India in the ASEAN.

There are about 1500 Indian nationals working in various fields in Cambodia. Most of them are based in the capital city, Phnom Penh. The Indians in Cambodia have formed an association called ‘Indian Association – Cambodia’. Phnom Penh has a street named after Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. A bust of Mahatma Gandhi gifted by India has been installed at a prominent location in Phnom Penh.




At a Glance:



Country Name



Kingdom of Cambodia






181,035 sq. km






Phnom Penh



Government type



Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy



Administrative divisions 



23 provinces and 1 municipality



National Holidays   



Independence Day, 9 November



Fiscal year      



January to December






Riel (KHR)






Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29th October 2004)



Prime Minister



HUN SEN (since 14th  January 1985)






15,708,756 (July 2015 est.)



Net migration rate     



-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)



GDP (purchasing power parity)



$49.96 billion (2014 est.)



GDP- composition by sector   



Agriculture 32.7%                                         

Industry 25.5%

Services 41.8% (2014 est.)



Agriculture- Products



Rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc), silk.






Tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles.



Major Exports



Clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear



Major Exports- Partners



US 28.6%, UK 8.8%, Germany 8.5%, Canada 7.6%, Japan 5.9%, Vietnam 5.2% (2013)



Major Imports



Petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products.



Major Importers ญญญ–– Partners



Thailand 27%, China 22%, Vietnam 19.3%, Singapore 7.2%, Hong Kong 6.1% (2013)



Natural resources



Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, Phosphates, hydropower potential.






Khmer (official) 95%, French, English



Ethnic groups 



Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%






Tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); Dry season (December to April0; little seasonal temperature variation.






Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand,  Vietnam and Laos